Kings of the VIII century to XVII century

01. Kings of the VIII century to XVII century
In the Christian calendar the Vlll century is the era from 701 to 800. The main era of Vlll century was an era of huge changes in the world civilization. The kingdom of Israel and its close by countries was conquered by the Neo-Assyrian. At that time they reached to the highest point of their power. Vlll century was the starting of the Classical old time. The Vlll century was the period of Charles Martel and Charlemagne who was Frankish leaders. These kings build and recognized the power of Carolingian empire. They establish Frankish dynasty and kingship.


Charles Martel was a very rich king; he was born in a very rich Christian decent family. The head of his family was his father who was the Mayor of their Palace. His name was derived from a Germen word that means Karl.


During the era of Vlll century, there was a great separation of the English kingdoms, such division or separation that will again reappear in any form in the Middle era. This division can be seen between Northumbria and Southumbria. Northumbria was a very well established and well incorporated kingdom at that time but the Southumbria was in no way the name of any kingdom. At that time the area or land that was under Southumbria was known as another name.


The XVll century was the period that remained from 1601 to 1700. In the era of 1603 there was a person who was established and recognized by the name King James Vl, who was firstly the king of Scotland than became the king of England. The dynasty that was begun by his efforts was named as Stuarts. The charm of James l was not as Elizabeth l, the level of popularity was also much less than her. The achievement that he earned was that he ended the long lasting war that was with Spain at that time.


There was another king of that time who was Charles l who was a true believer of the fact that there should be fair rights of kings. He was married to a young Roman Catholic princess whose name was Maria. He contributed his services and efforts in many wars but all went unsuccessful. His voyage to Cadiz also got unsuccessful in 1625. There was a strong criticism from the parliament towards his policies and plans.


There were a lot of Muslim kings also that rule different parts of the world at the same time as well as different time periods. Most importantly the Asian or you can say sub continent which include India, Iran, Afghanistan and Pakistan are among the areas where Muslim kings rules between stated time periods. Some of the Muslim kings also rule in the eastern European countries.



02. Kings of 10th, 11th, 12th and 13th
In the 10th century Saul, ruled the ancient Israelites, David, rule the ancient Israelites during the period of 1006 BC to 965 BC. Solomon ruled the ancient Israelites during 965 BC-925 BC. The prominent kings of 11th century include Agnes; she was a sacred Roman empress. Anawrahta Minsaw he founded the Pagan Kingdom and he ruled over Burma during 1044 BC to 1077 BC. Alexios Kominons was a king of 11th century, he ruled over Byzantine during 1081 to 1118 BC. Alfonso VI ruled over the whole Spain during 11th century.


Other kings of 11th century include Alp Arslan, king of Seljuk , Alusian, king of Bulgaria ,Bagrat III, ruler of Georgia, Bagrat IV, ruler of Georgia ,Brian Boru, emperor of Ireland, Canute the Great, he was the emperor of England, Denmark, Norway, and Sweden, Constantine VIII, king of Byzantine and Constantine X, king of Byzantine, Conrad II, king of Holy Roman kingdom, Monomachos -Constantine IX, king of Byzantine , Daozong king of Northeast China, Demetrius Zvonimir , king of Croatia, Deokjong , ruler of Korea, Edward who was known as the Confessor, ruler of England, Ethelred who was known as the Unready, ruler of England, George I, ruler of Georgia, George II, ruler of Georgia , Go-Ichijo, king of Japan, Gavril Radomir, king of Bulgaria, Harold Godwinson, ruler of England, Henry I king of France, Henry III, king of Holy Roman kingdom, Henry IV, king of the Holy Roman kingdom, Jeongjong II , ruler of Korea, Magnus, ruler of Norway during 1035-1047 BC and ruler of Denmark during 1042-1047 BC, Macbeth, king of Scotland, Malik Shah I, king of Seljuk, Michael IV, king of Byzantine , Michael V, king of Byzantine , Michael VI, king of Byzantine, Michael VII, king of Byzantine and Philip I king of France.


The kings of 12th century include; Afonso Henriques, earliest ruler of Portugal, Alexander I king of Scotland, Alexius I Comnenus, Alexius II Comnenus, Alexius III Angelus, Alfonso II king of Aragon, Alfonso VI king of Castile, Alfonso VII king of Castile, Alfonso VIII king of Castile, Baldwin IV king of Jerusalem, Bela II, ruler of Hungary, Bela III, ruler of Hungary, Boleslaus III , ruler of Poland, Canute V king of Denmark, Canute VI king of Denmark, David I king of Scotland, Emeric I king of Hungary, Magnus III king of Norway, Magnus IV blind king of Norway, Magnus V king of Norway, Peter IV king of Bulgaria, Richard I king of England and William I king of Scotland, he was known as the Lion.


Kings of 13th century include; Angelos -Alexios III, Byzantine ruler, Edward I ruler of England, Kaloyan, ruler of Bulgaria, Tamara, head of state of Georgia and Louis IX ruler of France, who was also a crusader.



03. Kings of 7th, 8th and 9th century
Hezekiah of the Kingdom of Judah (reigned 715-687 BC) his father was Ahaz the king who reigned Judah before him. His mother's name was Abijah. Hezekiah was 14th king who reigned Judah. He was born in Jerusalem. According to Edwin Thiele Hezekiah ruled the kingdom Judah between c. 715 and 686 BC. He is one of those well known kings who are mentioned in Bible (Hebrew).his successor was Manasseh. Another significant king was the king who ruled Assyria and captured Babylon; Sennacherib. He was a king during the period of 701 to 681 BC. His father was Sargon II whom he succeeded as a king. The successor of Sennacherib was Esarhaddon. He died in 681 BC.


Gyges is another king of 7th century. He founded the mermnad dynasty, he ruled over Lydia during the period of 687-652 BC. Manasseh, who has the successor of Hezekiah, is also one of the significant kings of the 7th century. He ruled over the kingdom of Judah during the period of 687 to 643 BC. Other popular kings include Esarhaddon, ruler of Assyria, Josiah ruler of Judah. Prominent kings of 8th century include Shoshonq V, in the Twenty-second empire of Egypt he was the pharaoh. He ruled during the period of 767 BC to 730 BC. Osorkon III is another significant king of 8th century. He ruled the twenty second empire of Egypt during the period of 787 BC to 759 BC. He was also a Pharaoh. Takelot III ruled the twenty third empire of Egypt during the 8th century. He ruled as a Pharaoh during the time period of 764 BC to 757 BC.


Rudamun ruled the twenty third empire of Egypt during the 8th century. He was a Pharaoh who ruled during 757 BC to 754 BC. Iuput ruler of Egypt, Niumateped, ruler of the Libyans, Titaru, ruler of the Libyans Ker, ruler of the Libyans and Midas (ruler of Phrygia) are also some of the significant rulers of 8th century.


The significant kings of 9th century include; Alfred the Great he ruled Wessex during the period of 871 to 899,Arnulf of Carinthia he ruled over Italy throughout the period of 894 to 899 BC and he ruled over east Francia during the period of 887 BC to 899 BC, Arpad, Prince of Magyars, Basil I, Boris I who ruled Bulgaria, Empress of Athens Irene, Charlemagne, Harald I king of Norway, Huang Chao, Harun al-Rashid, Krum, Khan of Bulgaria, Kenneth I king of Scotland, Louis the Pious who ruled Franks during 814 BC to 840 BC and ruled Rome during 813 BC to 840 BC and ruled Aquitaine during 781 BC to 814 BC, Rurik, Simeon I king of Bulgaria, Taizu who ruled Later Liang, Wang Kon, Xianzong emperor of Tang and Xuanzong emperor of Tang.



04. Kings of 14th, 15th, 16th and 17th century
In the 14th century there were some significant kings; Mansa Musa was the ruler of Mali Empire, during the period of his reign Mali Empire supplied gold to half the world. Robert who was known as the Bruce ruled Scotland during 1274-1329 BC; he succeeded in the war known as First War of Scottish Independence. Edward II he ruled over England during 1307 to 1327 BC, in 1327 BC this king was disposed. Ivan I was the ruler of Moscow, he was known as Moneybag, was Prince of Moscow, his state was the most powerful one in the whole Russia. David II was the king of Scotland, his father was King Robert he took birth at Dunfermline Palace, Fife. Edward III was the ruler of England. There remained hundred war years when he claimed the throne of France. Edward was eldest son of Edward III, he was known as Black Prince, he was the Prince of Wales. Charles V also known as the Wise was ruler of France during 1364 until his death. Louis the Great was the ruler of Hungary, Croatia, Dalmatia, Jerusalem, Sicily and Poland.


He had large armies with great military potential. Charles IV was the ruler of Bohemia, one of mainly dominant men in Europe. Richard II was the ruler of England during 1377 until 1399. In the 15th century the most prominent kings were; female pharaoh of Egypt, Hatshepsut, Thutmose III another pharaoh of Egypt in the 18th century and Amenhotep II ruler of Egypt in the same century.


In the 16th century prominent kings include; Cheng Tang a king in China, he was the first leader of Shang Empire; he was the king of China for 29 years. Kamose was the last Pharaoh of 17th empire of Egypt. Ahmose I, he was the Pharaoh and also the founder of 18th empire of Egypt. The first female Pharaoh also ruled in this century.

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The prominent kings of 17th century include; Gustavus Adolphus, ruler of Sweden, Shivaji Bhonsle, was the Hindu ruler, he was the first Maratha leader, he also founded Hindavi Swaraj, Charles I and Charles II were also the kings of England of the 17th century. Hugh O'Neill was the ruler of Tyrone, Elizabeth I was also the ruler of England in the 17th century. James I was the ruler of England, James II was also the ruler of England in the 17th century. Leopold I was the Holy Roman royal leader in the 17th century. Louis XIII was the ruler of France and Navarre and Louis XIV was also the ruler of France and Navarre in the 17th century. Mary II was also one of the rulers of England in the 17th century. Philip IV was the Spanish ruler of Spain in the 17th century. William III was also one of the rulers of England in the 17th century.



05. History of kings of France in eighteenths century
The French authorities within 18th century have been very diverse as the British monarchy. The British include a Parliamentary independent system, through having King immediately previous to whom they are capable of looking in the directions of for the guidance on top of traditions, to the rules. Within the France, the Monarchs foundations have their power resting on the feudal organization of Divine Rights of the kings. They are being not area under discussion to the regulation and guidelines, positioning down through the Parliament, while their English counterpart were required toward by the law of their state.

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This situation in addition to the French participations in American Revolutionary conflict would inclusive the ruins of the states of the finances, and all the eruption in the French rebellion. This Revolution foundation for the collapsing of the kingdom and degenerated hooked on at first lawlessness and finally on the way to the authoritarianism of Napoleon in his era of rule. This is time of kings of bourbon line that until 1661 administration was largely within dispensing of wily an Italian Cardinal named Mazarin. This is period of King Louis XIV whose period of monarchy is from 1643 to 1715.


After the death of cardinal, Louis declared with the purpose of him being his own chief minister. It's from that period he started working faithfully at operating as the king of the states. He would typify the true monarch, in form in addition to the functioning of the monarchy and all it's working according to the royal tradition and along with the required style of kingdom working stature. He was behaving like a king with a true believer in his conjecture of absolute dominions.


This theory being based winning all the mature Testament examples of rulers of the past and working for the welfare of massed considered at the level of divinely appointed personalities by God for ruling and because such, are only answerable toward God almighty. Thus, the sovereign was not hurdle by the order of mere princess and that of the Parliaments of the states. Life within the court being organized in the region of the King daily routine job schedules. Consequently, etiquette turn out to be the having a real constitution for the people of France. It obligation for the seven persons, out of them some with the highest princess of the kingdom, to place the kings chemise on him while he gets up early in the dawn Time. This conjecture would ultimately convey the collapse.







06. Period of King Owain Glyn from 1399-1416
King Richard II, reigning within England beginning 1377 till 1399, was having no son. And for that reason there was, no Prince of Wales at that time. Then ultimately Henry IV, grab hold of the throne during 1399, immediately created his son as Prince of Wales whose name was Henry. In the subsequent year, 1400, it happened like another astonishing incident and the Welsh proclaimed that Prince of the states of Wales as their own - name Owain Glyn Dwrs. It is being an act which was a deliberate rebellion. As Glyn Dwrs is also identified to the Welch's as Owain ape Gruffudd, in addition to it's traditionally spelt as Owen Glendower during English.


Wales in wide-ranging has supported the Richard II in all respect whether it was peace or war, but the Glyn Dwr have been very closer to their party of king Henry IV. Next to first he give the impression an unlikely the great leader, who swept up at an ease but almost accidentally during an inconsequential rebellion it took the conditions into unfavorable situation. Under Glyn Dwr leadership the strong uprising grows was visible in strength with in the public, in spite having early defeats at Wels pool in the year 1400. When there was a breakthrough during the period of having powers of the rebel coming with the announcement of having captured in 1402.


The Edmund Mortimer, associate and having best relation of having Anglo-Norman relations with great domain on the borders of the Welsh states. Mortimer is associated by the descent to being the English great throne and through marriage to Percy family, the earls of the Northumberland which is a symbol for its greatness and having relation with royal connections. Glyn Dwr persuaded Mortimer to revolutionize the entire setup and with the idea of making a situation which is not having any disturbances for the sides.


Mortimer marries with Glyn Dower's only daughter after having a long awaited delays and with lot of disparity found in the family circles of the prince having not effect on there union at last. The king Henry IV as is now tackled by a some what potentially fatal association with many of their mind full rivals, with the Northumberland able in the direction of raising the north side of the England against his allies and also against him, and the Mortimer and the Glyn Dwrs much of west and through out the Wales. The bereavement of the enchanting youthful Henry Percy the great died in the battle at the Shrewsbury in year 1403, being a setback for all the rebels.



07. Wonderful period of Edward I from 1277-1301
The great king Llewellyn ape Gruffudd, has acknowledged as Prince of Wales almost next to the Henry III during 1267, it seems almost in the direction of going out of the way to getting affront Henry's descendant, the Edward I, subsequent to his accession during 1272. He when fails to attend at the time of coronation in year 1274, which declined as a summons to accomplish homage, in addition to refusing to discharge at large the debts to the at that time English king. In 1277 the Edward moves determinedly against his unruly vassal. The Three English army marches into Wales, starting Chester, Shrewsbury also Hereford.


The Llywelyn and the forces are quickly isolated inside mountainous region in Snowdon. In early of November requirement of food compelled them to admit defeat. Llywelyn is enforced to sign the truce on November of 9 at the Conwy. Its strips him for nearly all the territories, and reducing the area to the limits of Snowdon. The Anglesey is permitted him going on lease from king of the England, except the rest area of Wales now will be administered through English agents - the role which will be fulfill led with such cruelty that is a extensive uprising, beginning by the Llywelyn, in year 1282.


King Edward reacts as forcefully as previous to, with another assault of Wales throughout which the Llywelyn is slaughtered. But this moment in time the English emperor takes the complete of Wales hooked on his own dispense. By the decree issued at the Rhuddlan in year 1284 the states of Wales being transformed into provinces, on the English standard, to be administered by official on the behalf of the royal crown states. In year 1301 king Edward adds concluding symbolic stroke to this repression of the Wales. When he revived and cherished the title of the prince of the Wales, conferring it on the successor the future king Edward II.

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As luck would have it the Wales now have what has been combating for the states. It is principally very clear, but the English one is not according to it. The title has remained, during the highest admiration granted to eldest youngster and inheritor apparent of English monarch of England. The Welsh, unsurprisingly, are unhappy through this arrangement. But the kings have a powerful reply to the all related matters of the states. The very days after the bereavement of the Llywelyn, King Edward commenced the construction regarding the great castle which being still the splendor of the northwest coasts of the Wales



08. Kings of Vlll Century to XVll Century
In 10th century, the first Bulgarian kingdom was the medieval Bulgarian. It go through on a centuries - lengthy interaction, during the state solidified its position in Balkans. During the 2nd Arab Sleigh of Constantinople, when the army plays an important role in siege breaking, the two power enjoyed period of peace and satisfaction. Byzantium has a well-built cultural effect on Bulgaria; the Bulgarian expanded their land up to Pannonia Plain.


Western Europe was very different from the Byzantine Empire.


Many cities had fallen into ruins. There was much less trade. Literacy was very low. It was the Christian Church which kept civilized values alive in Western Europe. The hundreds of monasteries, which followed the rules laid down by Saint Benedict (died c.525), were an important part of the church as centers of learning and for the training of leaders of the church. They also looked to the Bishop of Rome, the Pope, as their leader. The Franks were another people who had moved into Western Europe from the East. They became Christians and in 732 the Frankish king, Charles Martel, stopped the advance of the Muslim armies and pushed them back south of the Pyrenees. The Popes of Rome turned to the Frankish kings to save them from the Lombard's but also gave.


In 756 King Pepin of the Franks not only defeated the Lombard's but also gave extra land to the Pope, so increasing the strength of the Papacy in central Italy.


Charlemagne was the son of Pepin. It is said that he was a big man, more than six feet tall. Strong too he was a keen swimmer. Cheerful but dignified, he enjoyed a good time but hated drunkenness. Above all, he was a great Christian warrior, fighting in all directions both to defend his Christians subjects and increase his Christian empire. He marched against pagan tribes like the Saxons, pushing across Northern Europe and down the Danube valley. Like his father before him, Charlemagne went to Italy at the Pope's request to defeat the Lombard's. His empire was the largest in Europe since the Roman Empire in the West had collapsed.


Charlemagne's main court was at Aachen in present-day Germany, where, helped by Alcuin, a priest from York in England, he created an important centre of Christian learning. His empire was well governed with official especially chosen to ensure that his laws was obed.on Christmas day,800, in the Basilica of St peter in Rome, pope Leo III crowned Charlemagne as the holy roman Emperor. Thought there was already a Christian Emperor in Byzantium, Leo wanted powerful ruler who could protect the papacy and the papacy would decide who that would be.


When Christianity in Europe as stronger as was in the pope in Rome None of Charlemagne's sons had his abilities so Hays Empire fell apart. For Western Europe, the ninth century turned out to be especially dangerous. There were three main dangers. From the east came the Magyars, another tribe from Asia, who raided across Northern Europe, searching for good Farming land to settle. Rather than fight them, many rulers paid them to go away.



09. Kings of Vlll Century to XVll Century
The main era of Vlll century was an era of huge changes in the world civilization. The kingdom of Israel and its close by countries was conquered by the Neo-Assyrian. At that time they reached to the highest point of their power. Vlll century was the starting of the Classical old time. During the era of Vlll century, there was a great separation of the English kingdoms, such division or separation that will again reappear in any form in the Middle era. This division can be seen between Northumbria and Southumbria. Northumbria was a very well established and well incorporated kingdom at that time but the Southumbria was in no way the name of any kingdom. At that time the area or land that was under Southumbria was known as another name.

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The Vlll century was the period of Charles Martel and Charlemagne who was Frankish leaders. These kings build and recognized the power of Carolingian empire. They establish Frankish dynasty and kingship. Charles Martel was a very rich king; he was born in a very rich Christian decent family.


In the era of 1603 there was a person who was established and recognized by the name King James Vl, who was firstly the king of Scotland than became the king of England. The dynasty that was begun by his efforts was named as Stuarts.


Byzantium has a strong cultural effect on Bulgaria; the Bulgarian expanded their territory up to Pannonia Plain. Western Europe was very different from the Byzantine Empire.


In 756 King Pepin of the Franks not only defeated the Lombard's but also gave extra land to the Pope, so increasing the strength of the Papacy in central Italy.


Charlemagne was the son of Pepin. It is said that he was a big man, more than six feet tall. Strong too he was a keen swimmer. Positive but distinguished, he enjoyed a good time but hated drunkenness. Above all, he was a great Christian warrior, fighting in all directions both to defend his Christians area under discussion and enhance his Christian empire. He marched against pagan tribes like the Saxons, pushing across Northern Europe and down the Danube valley. Like his father before him, Charlemagne went to Italy at the Pope's request to defeat the Lombard's. His empire was the largest in Europe since the Roman Empire in the West had collapsed.


The first Bulgarian empire was a medieval Bulgarian. It spread between Budapest and the Black Sea and from the Dnieper River in present Ukraine to the Adriatic Sea. It penetrate on a centuries-long dealings, during the state solidified its position in the Balkans. During the second Arab Sleigh of Constantinople, where the army plays an important and vital role in blockade breaking, these two powers have the benefit of period of peace and pleasure. All that time has a very strong impact on the development of many dynasties of the world in different parts of the world. All these kings are significant part of the history of the world.



10. ABUL MUZAFFAR MUHY-UD-DIN MUHAMMAD AURANGZEB ALAMGIR
Aurangzeb Alamgir was the sixth Mughal emperor in India subcontinent. His era of rule last from 1658 to 1707. His predecessor was the king Shah Jahan whereas the successor was the king Bahadur Shah. He was born in dahod mughal empire in 1618(N.S.) and died in 1707, aged 88 years. He is buried in Khuldabad. Aurangzeb Alamgir ruled the Indian subcontinent for almost half of century. After the king Akbar he was the second longest reigning emperor from mughal's. During his era of rule he tried very hard to get larger area for rule especially of the region of south India. However, after his death the Mughal Empire began to shrink.


Aurangzeb as he grew up had fixed daily allowance of Rs.500. He used to spend a big share of his allowance in studying history and study of religion. Aurangzeb had sharp mind and was good at his studies. He mastered the HOLY QURAN & HADITH and so many times quoted from them.


Aurangzeb was greatly influenced by Sufism and was one of the strict followers of Sufism. He followed the NAQSHBANDI-MUJADDI method of Sufism. Sharia law was imposed by the Aurangzeb.


Soon after becoming a mughal emperor Aurangzeb imposed morals and strictly banned the practice of sati, prostitution music, gambling, alcoholism and narcotics in the emperor.


Aurangzeb from the very start of his reign till his death was indulged in continuous warfare. He built a large army and started the program of expansion of his empire along all the boundaries of empire.


Aurangzeb was also good at maintaining the foreign relations. Immediately after joining the throne as Mughal emperor he sent some of the valuable and finest gifts to Islamic shrines of Mecca and Medina. He also ordered for the construction of a ship that served to carry these ornate gifts to Mecca and Medina.


Aurangzeb was the one who raised the record of 100 million pound annual revenue from land of 24 provinces.


Aurangzeb died in 1707 when he was 88 years old in Ahmednagar. His grave is in khuldabad.


After his death the throne was took by his son Bahadur Shah. Because of over extension of empire by the Aurangzeb and due to lack of leadership qualities and weak military of Bahadur Shah the Mughal Empire entered the era of terminal decline.

Major things that were done by the Aurangzeb during his reign include:


The establishment of the Islamic law, as he was a strict follower of Sufism he imposed the sharia (Islamic) law strictly.


Expansion of the great Mughal Empire was one of his greatest achievements. He expanded the empire all along the boundaries by building the massive army.


He was also interested in maintaining the good foreign relations especially with the Islamic countries of Mecca and Medina. He did so by sending finest of the ornate gifts to the empires.


Aurangzeb was the one who made the record of raising the largest annual revenue from land of only 24 provinces via taxes and etc.


Aurangzeb was the second emperor after the great Akbar who ruled the largest areas of the Indian subcontinent. He was a great emperor who raised the Muslim rule in Indian subcontinent at different heights. In this section only a short account about the history of Aurangzeb Alamgir has given, with hope that it will help you to have necessary basic knowledge about the great AURANGZEB.



11. THE SECOND KING IN THE PLANTAGENT LINE
RICHARD the LION HEART was son of Henry 2, the king of England and Eleanor from Aquitaine.


He was born in September 8 in 1157. He got the crown of England at first in September 3rd in 1189. For the second time after freedom from the captivity he was crowned in 17th of April, 1194. Richard was captured in March 1192 and was freed from the captivity in February 4th, 1194 whereas he died in 6th April 1199.


Richard spent only six months of his reign out of total 10 years. As he was much more interested for his holdings in France and also in the crusading endeavors than his governing in England, so he spent only six months of his reign of total ten years. It has also been stated by the historian's that he almost depleted the treasury which he had got in his heritage from his father. The very objective of the king Richard and his fellow crusaders was that of the Third crusade. Although he did lots to achieve this and also had scored some success in the Holy land. To re capture the Jerusalem from the Saladin was the objective of the crusade. Richard and his crusaders worked on different ways to achieve this mission, they failed however had got some success in the Holy land. Heading forward on the way to his mission he had to face lots of troubles and also was captured. As Richard was moving on March of 1192 from the Holy land he was shipwrecked. There he was captured and was handed over by the army to the Henry 4 the Emperor. It is also recorded on the pages of history that heavy ransom was asked in return of the Richard. To save the Richard heavy ransom of 150,000-mark as demanded was raised by heavily taxing the people of the England. After collection of this heavy amount that was demanded the king Richard was freed finally in February, 1194. When he returned and was freed from the captivity he was crowned for the second time as stated by some historians in 17th of April in 1194, Richard made a2nd coronation to make it clear that he still had a kind of control over his country. After all this he decided to move o the land of the Normandy. After he left for the Normandy it is said that he never returned from there.


The very next five years of the life of the Richard were spent in the constant warfare. The warfare was against the king of the France named Phillip 2. During the warfare king Richard fought at his level best but during his attempt when he was besieging through the castle of the Chalus he got inflicted with a dreadful wound. The wound was so sever, bad and dreadful that he couldn't manage to get out of it and at the end died because of the very wound. He died in 6th of April 1199.


Richard was married to the lady Berengaria of Navarre. Richard has got no children from his wife Berengaria. As he had no children so the crown was passed to his brother John. So after the Richard his brother John became the next king of the England.


In this article it has been tried to give a comprehensive knowledge regarding the history of the king Richard the Loin heart. Hope this article will help making better understanding regarding the king Richard who is interested in the history.



12. Babur, the first Mughal Emperor
Whenever history is revised, the name of Babur must be present there as he has a critical role in the history of India as Babur was the one who laid down the Mughal emperor of India, Mughal era which throne the subcontinent for more than eight hundred years.


Zahir-ud-din was well known as Babur and was born on February 14, 1483. He was the successor of Timur. Though his Timurid lineage, his brought up was handled by some Persians and so he was deeply associated with the Persian culture.


Babur was the lad of Omar Sheikh Mirza, he was the elder one, Babur and his father was the ruler of Ferghana. He was a very strong man and his brought up was also done as a warrior, he was a great warrior of his times and he has good reputation about that.


In 1495, about 12 years old, throne as a ruler of Ferghana which is now termed as Uzbekistan. Due to relentless created by his uncles and the territorial possessions by some territorial leaders forced him to spend his life in exile. In 1497, Babur hit Samarkand and after the great effort of seven months thrives in taking the control of the city. After several wars with khan of Uzbek, he finally defeated and lost the city under his control. Then in a period of three years he regained a strong army. His army comprised of Tajiks. In the year 1504, he conquered Kabul. After many wars some of which was defeated and some of which was won by him and after then in 1511 almost a decade after he succeeded to conquered his first land Samarkand.


Babur always took a great deal of interest in India as the fertile affluent lands of India always sizzle him. He also declare to be the proper emperor of India because he always claimed that Timur depart and Khizr khan as the in charge of Punjab and Khizr khan later became the Sultan of Delhi and became the founder of Sayyid dynasty which was later followed by Ibrahim lodhi.


Before planning a large and final invasion, he first made small attacks and after then he realized that now it is the time to attack a final damage. Babur united Timurids and then took the risk of a great clash against the Lodi armies in 1526. Babur had round about 25000 troops against the huge 100,000 soldiers. After the great battle which we remembered as the battle of Panipat, won by Babur and after that very battle he conquered Agra and Delhi. From on that very day he founded the mughal empire and continued his advancements and conquered the sub-continent and established the Great mughal empire which later on well known for its excellence in the field of arts and science, which is quite vast topic to discuss.


Babur died on December 26th 1530 due to medical reason and mentioned his autobiography titled Baburnama. He is considered as the national hero in states like Uzbekistan, Afghanistan and India. Here is some brief discussion about the life of Babur but not covered the whole features of Babur like his excellence in arts, architecture and in other fields, I hope this will be helpful.



13. Kings before the 14th century
The rule of the kings before 14th century is described here. The names of the kings that are included in the 12th century are given. The kings of 12th century include the following one earliest ruler of Portugal, Alexander I king of Scotland, Alexius I Commends, Alexius II Comnenus, Alexius III Angelus, Alfonso II king of Aragon, Alfonso VI king of Castile, Alfonso VII king of Castile, Alfonso VIII king of Castile, Afonso Henriques, Baldwin IV king of Jerusalem, Bela II, ruler of Hungary, Bela III, ruler of Hungary, Boleslaus III , ruler of Poland, Canute V king of Denmark, Canute VI king of Denmark, David I king of Scotland, Emeric I king of Hungary, Magnus III king of Norway, Magnus IV blind king of Norway, Magnus V king of Norway, Peter IV king of Bulgaria, Richard I king of England and William I king of Scotland, he was known as the Lion.

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Similarly Kings of 13th century include; Angelos -Alexios III, Byzantine ruler, Edward I ruler of England, Kaloyan, ruler of Bulgaria, Tamara, head of state of Georgia and Louis IX ruler of France, who was also a crusader. In the 10th century Saul, ruled the ancient Israelites, David, regulation the ancient Israelites during the period of 1006 BC to 965 BC. Solomon ruled the ancient Israelites during 965 BC-925 BC. The well-known kings of 11th century include Agnes; she was a sacred Roman empress. Minas he founded the Pagan Kingdom and he ruled over Burma during 1044 BC to 1077 BC. Alexis Kimonos was a king of 11th century, he ruled over Byzantine during 1081 to 1118 BC. Alfonso VI ruled over the whole Spain during 11th century. The Other kings of 11th century include Alp Aslant, king of Seljuk , Alusian.


King of Bulgaria ,Bag rat III, ruler of Georgia, Bag rat IV, ruler of Georgia ,Brian Buru, emperor of Ireland, Canute the Great, he was the emperor of England, Denmark, Norway, and Sweden, Constantine VIII, king of Byzantine and Constantine X, king of Byzantine, Conrad II, king of Holy Roman kingdom, Mon machos -Constantine IX, king of Byzantine , Daozong king of Northeast China, Demetrius Zvonimir , king of Croatia, Deokjong , ruler of Korea, Edward who was known as the Confessor, ruler of England, Ethelred who was known as the Unready, ruler of England, George I, ruler of Georgia, George II, ruler of Georgia , Go-Ichijo, king of Japan, Gavril Radomir, king of Bulgaria, Harold Godwinson, ruler of England, Henry I king of France, Henry III, , Michael V, king of Byzantine , Michael VI, king of Byzantine, Michael VII, king of Byzantine and Philip I king of France. king of Holy Roman kingdom, Henry IV, king of the Holy Roman kingdom, Jeongjong II , ruler of Korea, Magnus, ruler of Norway during 1035-1047 BC and ruler of Denmark during 1042-1047 BC, Macbeth, king of Scotland, Malik Shah I, king of Seljuk, Michael IV, king of Byzantine



14. The kings of the 7th and 8th century
Esarhaddon is one of those well recognized kings who are mentioned in Bible (Hebrew). His descendant was Manasseh. An additional significant sovereign was the king who ruled Assyria and captured Babylon Sennacherib. Then He was a king during the period of 701 to 681 BC. His father was Sargon II whom he succeeded as a king. The descendant of Sennacherib was Esarhaddon. This king died in 681 BC. Gyges is another king of 7th century. He found the mermaid empire, he ruled over Lydia during the period of 687-652 BC. Manasseh, who has the successor of Hezekiah, is also one of the significant kings of the 7th century.


Hezekiah of the Kingdom of Judah (reigned 715-687 BC) his father was Ahaz the king who reigned Judah before him. His mother's name was Abijah. Hezekiah was 14th king who reined Judah. He was born in Jerusalem. According to Edwin Thiele Hezekiah ruled the kingdom Judah between c. 715 and 686 BC.He ruled over the kingdom of Judah during the period of 687 to 643 BC. Other popular kings include Esarhaddon, ruler of Assyria, Josiah ruler of Judah. Prominent kings of 8th century include Shoshonq V, in the Twenty-second empire of Egypt he was the pharaoh. He ruled during the period of 767 BC to 730 BC. Osorkon III is another significant king of 8th century. He ruled the twenty second empire of Egypt during the period of 787 BC to 759 BC. He was also a Pharaoh. Takelot III ruled the twenty third empire of Egypt during the 8th century. He feint as a Pharaoh during the time episode of 764 BC to 757 BC.

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Rudman ruled the twenty third territory of Egypt during the 8th century. He was a Pharaoh who ruled during 757 BC to 754 BC. Input ruler of Egypt, ruler of the Libyans, Titaru, ruler of the Libyans Ker, ruler of the Libyans and Midas (ruler of Phrygia) are also some of the significant rulers of 8th century.The significant kings of 9th century include; Alfred the Great he ruled Wessex during the period of 871 to 899,Arnulf of Carinthia he ruled over Italy throughout the period of 894 to 899 BC and he ruled over east Francia during the period of 887 BC to 899 BC, Arpad, Prince of Magyars, Basil I, Boris I who ruled Bulgaria, Kenneth I king of Scotland, Louis the Pious who ruled Franks during 814 BC to 840 BC and ruled Rome during 813 BC to 840 BC and ruled Aquitaine during 781 BC to 814 BC, Empress of Athens Irene, Charlemagne, Harald I king of Norway, Huang Chao, Haroon al-Rashid, Krum, Khan of Bulgaria, Rurik, Simeon I king of Bulgaria, Taegu who ruled Later Liang, Wang Kon, Xianzong emperor of Tang and Xuanzong emperor of Tang.



15. The popular and great kings of 12th century
The statute of the kings in the 13th century is described here. The great names of the kings that are incorporated in the 12th century are prearranged. Similarly Kings of 13th century include; Angelos -Alexios III, Byzantine ruler, Edward I ruler of England, Kaloyan, ruler of Bulgaria, Tamara, head of state of Georgia and Louis IX ruler of France, who was also a crusader.The kings of 12th century include the following one earliest ruler of Portugal, Alexander I king of Scotland, Alfonso II king of Aragon, Alfonso VI king of Castile, Alfonso VII king of Castile, Alfonso VIII king of Castile. ,Brian Buru, emperor of Ireland, Canute the Great, he was the emperor of England, Denmark, Norway, and Sweden, Constantine VIII, king of Byzantine and Constantine X, king of Byzantine, Conrad II, king of Holy Roman kingdom, Mon machos -Constantine IX, king of Byzantine , Daozong king of Northeast China, Demetrius Zvonimir , king of Croatia, Deokjong , ruler of Korea, Edward who was known as the Confessor, ruler of England, Ethelred who was known as the Unready, ruler of England, George I, ruler of Georgia.


Afonso Henriques, Baldwin IV king of Jerusalem, Bela II, ruler of Hungary, Bela III, ruler of Hungary, Boleslaus III , ruler of Poland, Canute V king of Denmark, Canute VI king of Denmark, David I king of Scotland, Emeric I king of Hungary, Magnus III king of Norway, Magnus IV blind king of Norway, Magnus V king of Norway, Peter IV king of Bulgaria, Richard I king of England and William I king of Scotland, he was known as the Lion. Alexius I Commends, Alexius II Comnenus, Alexius III Angelus, George II, ruler of Georgia , Go-Ichijo, king of Japan, Gavril Radomir, king of Bulgaria, Harold Godwinson, ruler of England, Henry I king of France, Henry III, , Michael V, king of Byzantine , Michael VI, king of Byzantine, Michael VII, king of Byzantine and Philip I king of France. king of Holy Roman kingdom, Henry IV, king of the Holy Roman kingdom, Jeongjong II , ruler of Korea, Magnus, ruler of Norway during 1035-1047 BC and ruler of Denmark during 1042-1047 BC, Macbeth, king of Scotland, Malik Shah I, king of Seljuk, Michael IV, king of Byzantine


Solomon ruled the prehistoric Israelites during 965 BC-925 BC. The well-known kings of 11th century include Agnes; she was a sacred Roman empress. Minas he founded the Pagan Kingdom and he ruled over Burma during 1044 BC to 1077 BC. In the 10th century Saul, ruled the ancient Israelites, David, regulation the ancient Israelites during the period of 1006 BC to 965 BC. Alexis Kimonos was a king of 11th century, he ruled over Byzantine during 1081 to 1118 BC. Alfonso VI ruled over the whole Spain during 11th century. The Other kings of 11th century include Alp Aslant, king of Seljuk, Alusian. King of Bulgaria, Bag rat III, ruler of Georgia, Bag rat IV, ruler of Georgia.



16. Before you even walk out the door to go to the different dealerships to search for an automobile to purchase, do your homework

If you have a specific car make and model that you are considering buying, do some background research. Have there been numerous recalls for this vehicle. What do current and former owners of this make and model say about their automobile? Take a look at owner reviews before selecting the car you want to buy. These can be found online, at many different websites. Owner reviews give you a good idea about how much others enjoy the car, and if they would recommend it to friends and family. They offer a different perspective than professional reviews, and they are very informative for anyone who is car shopping. When you are buying a new car, set your budget before going to the dealer. When shopping, do not go above the maximum amount you can pay no matter what the dealer tells you. The dealer is not the one who will be paying for the car for 6 years, you are. If you are trading in an automobile, visit your local library and find out the value of your car. You can also look this information up online in several different locations. By having the trade-in value of your car and the retail value of your car you can negotiate better.

Focus on the overall price, not the monthly price, in negotiations. A dealer can make any desired monthly price possible, but you'll end up paying that monthly price for years and years, making the final cost of the car outrageous. You should instead focus on negotiating the best deal on the overall price of the car and the financing you get. Then figure out what that works out to on a monthly basis. If you aren't concerned about getting the absolutely latest model, consider car shopping in November or December. During this time frame, dealerships will offer deals on the current models. They want to clear out their inventory to make way for shipments of the next year's models. This means that you will be offered more incentives, lower sticker prices, and more room to negotiate! Know what you want before you step foot in a dealership. You are going to be dealing with professional salespeople, so have your mind made up about what you are willing to pay, what you want and what you are not interested in. That will make it less likely for them to sway you. Do not make the mistake of believing that you have to pay the full asking price for a used car. There should always be room for negotiation. if a car has been on the market for a while with no buyers, that will make the seller more likely to accept an offer of less than they are asking for.

Set a budget and stick to it when shopping for a car. It can be very hard to stick to a budget when you find a car that you really want, but there is nothing good about an impulse buy. Figure out what you can afford before you start looking so that you do not break the bank. Go to different dealerships before settling on one. A different dealership might be able to get you a better price on the car you want, and may be running different promotions. Try three or four in your area, and even if you have to travel a bit farther, it may be worth it. Watch out for the car salesman who offers you a price on a car before he visits his sales manager. The salesman will tell you anything you want to hear, but only the manager can approve the deal. Ask to speak to the manager face to face and see the deal on paper before committing to purchase the car.



17. If you're Diabetic, don't overeat simply because your sugar is low

A single pack of sugary candy or a glucose tab is a much safer and more controlled method of bringing your sugar level back up. If you overeat in reaction to a low, you're likely to spike your sugar instead of bringing it back to normal. A good night's sleep is a great way to lower blood sugar. Studies show that uninterrupted sleep aids the body's ability to regulate the production of insulin. Maintaining a normal blood glucose level is important to a diabetic's overall health, so work on setting a consistent bed time each night. Make sure to regularly check your blood sugar and write it in a log if you are diabetic. It is important that you do this because your blood sugar may be fine and a few hours later it could be dangerously high. Blood sugar that is consistently high raises your risk of heart disease and stroke. When a child has Diabetes, you need to ensure that everyone in their life is aware of the consequences of not adhering strictly to their new eating rules. If they go to their Grandparents' house, ensure they know how important it is for the child to only receive healthy snacks.

Make sure to take your diabetes medications exactly as directed. You are NOT a doctor, nor is anyone else giving you advice other than your physician. They tell you how often to take your prescriptions and how much you should take at a time because they know, so follow their directions. The Dispensary of Hope can provide you with your Diabetes medications at a discount as long as you can prove that you are in financial distress and are uninsured. You can contact them through their website (dispensaryofhope.org) for more information on programs in your area, and how you can get qualified for their services. Do not eat snacks out of a bag. By eating snacks directly from its container, you are more likely to overeat and create a spike in your blood sugar levels. Get a plate and put a small portion on the plate. Eat it slowly, savor the flavor, and don't get more after you have finished. If you're having trouble finding organizations in your area that can help you get help with your Diabetes, dial 211. The United Way can point you in the right direction towards support groups and other organizations who will help you get discounted supplies and prescriptions so you can stay healthy.

Don't use alcohol swabs before an insulin injection. It's actually unnecessary, as long as your skin, hands, and needle are clean. Alcohol swabs will dry out the skin, making it more likely that the injection site will stay open. This can actually increase the risk of an infection at the site. Beans for breakfast, beans for tea, beans for you and beans for me! Beans are packed full of protein and fiber, which are both very important in the meals of a diabetic. Try to include as many beans and lentils in the foods you eat as possible. Just cook them up and throw them into everything, from chili to salads! When you're planning to go to a doctor's visit, write down any concerns you have. It doesn't matter how outlandish they may seem, it's much easier to read them off a page (or PDA or tablet, whatever works for you) than trying to remember them. Every bit of information you gain will help you keep your health in check! Herbal tea is a great drink for diabetics as it contains many wonderful nutrients and can taste so good you don't even think about adding cream or sugar. Be sure to check the ingredients as some manufacturers will add sugar or artificial sweeteners.



18. The personality of your lawyer is just as important as their experience in personal injury law

You need to choose a lawyer who lets you play a role in your case. You should be in touch with them frequently so you can update them on any information you have and vice versa. Skype just doesn't cut it when you're working with your lawyer. You need to be able to meet them in person to truly get a feel for who they are and what they stand for. Your lawyer will be at your court hearings, so it's better to choose someone near you. Stay off social media! That means Facebook, Twitter and Flickr. Don't post photographs of yourself dancing if you're claiming an injured back! Don't tell anyone you went water skiing when you claim to have hurt your foot. Just stay off the internet and say as little as possible online instead. When fighting a personal injury case, a lawyer will have many curve balls thrown at him. That means that only a lawyer with an extensive history in the field of personal injury law will be able to be successful at trial. Look for a lawyer with lots of experience behind him. When you take a personal injury case to a big law firm, you may meet the head honcho to talk, but your case will be passed down to junior associates. They tend not to have many cases under their belt, and this can lead to a loss. Look for a small firm instead.

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Seek medical attention. If you find yourself injured, see a doctor as soon as possible. In addition to being good health advice, you will need the doctor's diagnosis and paperwork from your visit as evidence. Make sure you document everything, and keep copies for yourself. Failing to get medical attention after an accident or injury can actually reduce the award amount in a personal injury case. Do not just take a personal injury lawyer's word for it when it comes to their record. Talk to some of their clients, and ask the lawyer for a written record of their practice. This will give you a good idea as to how often this lawyer wins and what type of money he is used to dealing with. Get a detailed police report regarding an injury you receive, for future reference in court. Not only will the information gathered by the authorities be very credible, it can help prove that you were wrongfully injured and win your case. Failure to collect credible evidence means your claim may be viewed as hearsay, and that won't win you anything!

A very common type of personal injury lawsuit can be brought against a property owner when a customer slips or falls on their property. If you fall and get hurt because of unsafe conditions, the property owner can be held liable for your medical costs. Make sure you make a detailed record of the situation. If you have to travel to meet your lawyer, you'll be paying a ton in gas bills and taking too much time out of your day. Choosing someone local is a solution to these problems, plus you'll know for sure they understand local laws and will be able to attend your court dates. Do a quick background check to determine whether or not your personal injury lawyer is qualified. The last thing that you need is for your lawyer to deceive you, which could have catastrophic results financially and personally if your case is important. Hire a lawyer who has a good history and currently has all of the prerequisites to practice.



19. If you have a large number of enhancements on your teeth...

such as crowns, veneers, implants, and fillings, tooth whitening procedures are probably not a good idea. This is because the chemicals used to whiten your teeth will only work on the natural tooth surface, and you'll be left with a patchwork effect. If you want to whiten your teeth naturally, then look no further that your box of baking soda. This is one of the most proven home remedies. Make a paste with baking soda and water and brush your teeth using this paste, and then rinse. When done consistently, you will soon have gleaming white teeth. When whitening your teeth, you'll find that you get the best results if your teeth are yellowing. You'll get medium grade results if your teeth are brown. If your teeth are grey, you'll get the least results. Keep this in mind when you're shelling out money to whiten your teeth. Try whitening your teeth using organic coconut oil. Swishing coconut oil around in your mouth for about 10 minutes each day is a highly effective way to whiten your teeth. All you need to do is put a spoonful of coconut oil in your mouth and start swishing it around, making sure that you don't swallow any of it. After about 10 minutes, spit it out and brush your teeth as usual. You should start seeing results after just a few days.

Use natural tooth whiteners, such as baking soda, orange peels, or lemon peels. Mixing any of these with a little salt can make an excellent cheap tooth whitening product. Be sure to wash your mouth out thoroughly after using any of these methods, as the harsh acids can damage your teeth. Use oranges to whiten your teeth. This has been proven to whiten teeth. You can use the peel of an orange to do this. Using the back of the orange peel, put it in your mouth and rub it on the surface of your teeth. Keep it there for about 5 minutes. The most important thing that you can do to get a wonderfully white smile is to go to the dentist for regular cleanings. Keep up with these cleanings about twice a year. Set up your next appointment while you are there so you will not forget to do it. Have the office call you with a reminder. If you are a smoker, you are going to have a constant battle trying to keep your teeth white. If you are that worried about a white smile, you are going to need to quit or at least cut down in the amount that you are smoking. It will be a never ending battle if you continue to smoke heavily.

When thinking about whitening your teeth, it is important to keep in mind the color of your natural teeth. Whitening will give you the best results if you have yellow teeth. If your teeth are brownish you will receive medium results. Whitening is least affective on teeth that are gray in color. Before the invention of fancy teeth whitening mouthwashes and toothpastes, baking soda served as a great alternative. You can still use baking soda to effectively whiten your teeth. Pour some baking soda on your toothbrush and start brushing your teeth. Make sure that you do not swallow the baking soda and rinse out thoroughly when finished. You can easily see the whitening effects within the first few weeks. For many years people have sworn that baking soda works quite well for teeth whitening. There are now many types of toothpaste that have baking soda right in them so you do not have to mess with making up the paste yourself. The paste is made up with a bit of salt and baking soda and then brushed onto your teeth.



20. As a good reference for people interested in real estate

Consider visiting websites that contain a wealth of information beneficial to new and seasoned investors alike. There is no such thing as having too much knowledge, so it is always a good idea to learn as much as you can. In order to secure the very best available terms for escrow on a real estate deal, the escrow arrangements should be reviewed by a professional with experience in the field. A real estate agent, financier or investment professional can examine the paperwork in detail, and let a buyer or a seller know if they are being taken advantage of. An apartment doesn't have to be your only choice for commercial real estate. A lot of buyers tend to think that running an apartment building is the simplest choice, however let yourself be open to other investment opportunities. Office buildings, land, industrial warehouses are all possibilities you should be open to.

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Be careful when you are purchasing a property and make sure that it does not have any hazardous waste problems. When commercial properties have this type of problems it becomes the responsibility of the owner to handle it even if they were not the ones that caused the problem. One important tip to remember when investing in commercial real estate is that you cannot do this alone, unless you are already a seasoned commercial real estate veteran. You need to consult with experts in the business to mentor you, and you also need partners to provide you with a financial backing. Be sure to do research on commercial lenders. You may be able to find a great deal somewhere you were not expecting. Also note you will be required to put up a hefty down payment. Keep in mind that if the deal falls through there typically will be no personal liability and commercial lenders may be lenient if you borrow a down payment from a different lender.

One of the most important metrics that an investor can use to judge the attractiveness of a commercial property is the NOI, or Net Operating Income. To calculate NOI, subtract first-year operating expenses from the property's first-year gross operating income. A good investment will have a positive NOI, which indicates that the property will bring in more cash than it will require to operate and maintain it. Investing in commercial real estate can be a very beneficial investment to make. Think of buying an apartment complex with less than five units to avoid the necessary commercial financing that can be rather difficult to get and a hassle to do so. This will bring in enough money in many cases to pay the mortgage that you have and in several years, that will all be profit. If you think small apartment buildings would be more manageable, think again. A greater amount of units allows for more profits, and it's not much more of a burden. As long as you concentrate on a single property (at least until you're confident enough with it to branch out), you'll see how easy it can be to flourish in commercial real estate. An important tip to remember with rental real estate is that you want to make sure you have a good feel for your tenants before renting out to them. This is important because you not only need to plan as best you can for how long they plan on renting, but also if they will make payments on time and treat your property well. Treat the meeting like a job interview and treat your property like a prize.



21. Yeast infections tend to form when a woman does not properly clean the vaginal area

This is why it is important that your vaginal region is clean at all times. Do not forget to clean all areas of it (including the inside folds) using a mild soap. Also, do not scrub too hard. Lactobacillus acidophils is your friend. This is found in many yogurts and can retard the growth of the infection. When you purchase a yogurt with this live culture, it is important to remember to look for sugar-free varieties. Sugar can be counter-active to the culture's job performance because it feeds the infection. If you aren't allergic or sensitive to tea tree oil, you can use it to treat a mild yeast infection. Slather the top third of a regular tampon with a personal lubricant, and then add a few drops of tea tree oil. Do not leave the tampon in longer than 8 hours, and remove it immediately if you experience any discomfort or irritation.

Herbal remedies are one of the best and most natural ways that you can fight the symptoms and prevent yeast infections altogether. Oil of oregano is one of the best that you can consume, as this works by fighting the yeast and fungus in your body to reduce the chance of the infection materializing. Tea Tree Oil is a wonderful natural remedy, and it is useful in curing yeast infections. Mix the oil with a little sweet almond oil, and apply it directly to the vagina. Avoid applying Tea Tree Oil without mixing it with something else, as it can burn and cause discomfort. This is an effective way to fight infections and restore balance to the female organs. In order to prevent yeast infections, especially in women, limit the amount of time you spend in the heat. This means to limit time you spend bathing in hot water. Yeast organisms love hot and moist areas; therefore they thrive. Furthermore, remember to avoid wearing any tight clothing that can stop proper air circulation in the crotch area. Stepping up your personal hygiene habits can help to prevent recurring yeast infections. After using the bathroom, you should avoid wiping from back to font. Instead, you should do the reverse. This prevents the spread of bacteria and yeast that might otherwise be transferred from the anal area to the vagina. Wiping properly and thoroughly can save you a great deal of discomfort. Yeastarol is a popular yeast infection cure spray that works for both men and women. It is a perfectly natural anti-yeast spray made from all nature derived ingredients. This spray is one of the only all natural yeast infection remedies available on the market today for both men and women. Make sure that if you sweat a lot or work out at the gym, you always take a change of clean, dry clothes with you. Never sit around in sweaty gym clothes or a wet bathing suit. By keeping your body dry and out of wet/sweaty clothes, you are preventing any yeast infections. When searching for a bit of a reprieve from the pain and itching of a yeast infection, you may find apple cider vinegar to be incredibly effective. By pouring a cup of this vinegar into your bath water before taking a soak, you can achieve a surprising level of soothing relief. One of the things that you should never do is to wear scented tampon or use scented sprays. These contain a lot of unnecessary chemicals, which can yield an infection and yield more bacteria in and on your skin. Stick with products that have natural ingredients if you want to prevent infections.

If you are trying to keep yeast infection at bay, be certain to practice good hygiene. Wash the genital area thoroughly, being sure to clean all areas and folds of skin. Then, dry thoroughly, even try using a hair-dryer, to stay as dry as possible. Yeast tends to grow in moist environments, so the drier, the better. One of the most powerful natural cures and preventative measures for yeast infections is water. It is recommended for optimum health that we drink eight glasses of water per day. Water flushes the toxins out of your body and keeps you hydrated. The healthier your body is, the better off it is in fighting off a yeast infection. Consider increasing your intake of yogurt if you experience regular yeast infections. Yogurt contains beneficial cultures and probiotics that can help your body fight off imbalance and provide you with a healthier vaginal flora. Eating a cup of yogurt daily is a great way to fight infections and stay healthier. If you suffer from recurrent yeast infections, try not to wear panty liners, which can irritate your skin and create yeast infections. Try to stick with cotton fiber underwear, as this can provide the most comfortable feeling possible and help to limit the amount of moisture that you have in your area. Avoid condoms and diaphragms if you are using a cream for your yeast infection. The cream can interfere with your birth control methods. Instead, opt to abstain from sexual activity until your infection has run its course. If you choose not to do that, talk to a doctor about which birth control is most effective at that time. To help in the prevention of yeast infection, be sure to wear cotton undergarments. Other materials, such as nylon and rayon, hold moisture in, providing an ideal environment for yeast to grow. Cotton stays drier, and keeps moisture away, making the skin less vulnerable to the growth of yeast. The best way to prevent yeast infections is to dress properly. Cotton and silk are natural fibers that absorb moisture and will help keep the area dry. Nylon and other man made fabrics will not absorb moisture as well, and you will increase the likelihood of getting a yeast infection. Wear cotton underwear. Cotton is a material that is cooling and does not lock in moisture and heat; this makes it a suitable material for the genital area. There are a number of cotton styles that are attractive and fit well, so it should not be difficult to stick with this fabric.



22. Your video marketing campaign will be successful if you remain...

consistent and creates new videos regularly. You do not have to put hours into creating a weekly video; recording yourself talking in front of a camera for ten minutes would make a good video update. Customers will subscribe to your videos if you keep using this medium. Do not expect customers to watch a video that is longer than twenty minutes. If you are demonstrating a certain product, feel free to use up to twenty minutes so you can show all its features. If you are simply talking to your audience to advertise a deal or keep them up to date, your video should not exceed ten minutes. Always watch your videos before you publish them. This may sound like a simple and obvious statement, but it is necessary. Watch your videos and make sure there are not any mistakes. Make sure you sound good and the quality is good. The videos are a reflection of your company, so if they look bad, so does your business. People love competition, which is why holding a video contest is such a great marketing strategy. Ask viewers to create their own videos and then have everyone vote on them. This will help drive viewers to your site and energize them by giving them a chance to win something. Videos can easily be used to explain your products or services to potential customers. Seeing how a product works will help your customers understand how to use your product and why buying from you is preferable to other sellers. So, learning to make videos to explain what you are selling will easily help build your customer base. Video is a great medium for conveying ideas. This works in business by showing customers what makes your business special. A short video describing your products or highlighting your experience will go a long way to making that sale. Remember to be clear and make any ideas your convey simple to understand so that your video marketing campaign will be a total success.

Keep in mind that producing your video marketing content is only the first half of your efforts. You have to also promote your videos. Appropriate marketing efforts of your videos will result in a ten-fold increase to your total number of clickthroughs. Make good content, but also make sure people know it is up. A great reason to have costars in your video is that they'll have a network, too. If you bring on an expert in the field, he'll let his network know he's going to be appearing in your video, growing your exposure. They'll share with their network, if the content is good, and you'll get many viewers quickly. When you create a video for marketing purposes keep it under 2 minutes. You want your target audience to watch the whole message, and if it is too long you will potentially lose audiences as they click off. You can always continue a thought or message in a follow up video if needed. Don't only rely on videos in your marketing campaign. They are great marketing tools, however, they should not replace your other marketing tactics. Videos should not replace content creation like article writing or blogging. Videos should simply be used to enhance the content in your marketing campaign and to build up your link portfolio. To help people notice your videos you should develop a title that is eye catching and mind bending. Use a play on words or a rhyme to help people remember the name of your video. You should also use your primary keyword and if possible at least one or two associated keywords. If you decide to use YouTube to share your videos, take advantage of the editing features available on this site. You can, for instance, add annotations to your video. This could be a great way to share a link, some additional information about the product you are demonstrating or even a coupon code.

When you produce video marketing content, do not get stuck on the production value of your content. A high production value does not actually equate to getting a good return on what you invest into it. Even big companies such as Dell have struck gold using simple demos produced by individual employees. If customers struggle to use your product in a certain way, create a video to show them how to get the job done. You'll not only be solving the problems of those who already have your product, but also will entice new customers to buy as they'll know their problems will always be fully resolved. If you want to film yourself talking about your products or demonstrating them, you should put together an outline for your video before you start. Make a list of all the points you feel are important and organize them logically so your video is easy to follow. Remember that you can edit your video to organize different points in a logical order too. To make a good video, do not assume that you need high production value. Professional gear is not necessary as long as the picture is balanced and focused. You do not even need a really fancy script or excessive levels of confidence. Just be yourself and speak into the camera. In fact, you might not even need to do this. Screen capture sequences and power point presentations sometimes get the job done. People love to share videos, so use them in place of any other correspondence you currently engage in. If you plan to announce something big, do it on video! Want to answer a customer query? If you can, make it public through a video. The more videos you make, the better. The biggest aspect of your video marketing should be your content. Without excellent and relevant content, your video marketing will fail. If viewers are not interested in your videos, you will not be able to make a sale. Make sure that you have interesting and relevant content to be successful with video marketing.



23. If your pipes bang when you turn on the water...

and all the pipes are anchored correctly, you should add some straps or cushion the pipes with a rubber blanket. There may be times when you will need to do both. Make sure that if you have copper pipes, you are not using galvanized straps. Basic problems with toilets can be a quick fix for even the rawest amateur plumber and is worth attempting if you can take the time to research the problem. Seek out the necessary part or parts from your local hardware store and ask for support in how to properly install them. If your sink is letting rusty water out and it will not drain, it is mostly likely because of the biological scum and grease that is built up in the pipes. You need to have your drains professionally cleaned, allowing maximum flow through your drains. Your drains must be open completely. Do not let your faucet leak. Did you know a leaky faucet can waste about 150 gallons of water every day? If you have a leak, never ignore it. It could be coming from the faucet or the pipes. Continually check pipes and faucets for extra moisture or small leaks. There are many ways to unclog a drain. You can try plunging it at first. If that doesn't work try using a chemical agent from the store. Before you go and spend money at the store though, if you have baking soda and some vinegar handy, you can mix those together and pour them in the drain and try to plunge that but if all else fails they have stronger remedies at your local hardware store.

Check to make sure that overflow holes are not clogged up. Overflow holes are used in case the sink starts to overfill, which may not seem like a big problem--until it is. Clear the overflow holes periodically when you are doing your periodic checks for other problems and things that need to be repaired. Keep your bathtub drain running well by pouring a cup of baking soda followed by a cup of vinegar down the drain each month. Cover with a rag or plug, as a chemical reaction will occur in the pipes. Wait for a bit, then flush with boiling water. This procedure should clear the pipes of soap scum and accumulated hair. It is not always necessary to call in a plumber when you have a damaged section of pipe in your plumbing. There are repair kits you can buy in your local hardware store which are excellent in repairing leaks. If you have a small leak, you can rub a compound stick over the hole or crack in the pipe to seal it shut. Epoxy paste is also an excellent remedy for a leaking pipes. Make sure you turn off the water and completely dry the pipe before applying the epoxy. Installing more efficient shower heads can save you tons of money on your energy bill. Most of our hot water is used in the shower. By installing energy-efficient shower heads for a few extra dollars, you can save up to $100 or more a year per shower head in your house. Knowing your tools and how to use them can help greatly in your plumbing experience. Make sure to read all of your manuals and use things such as the library and the internet to read up on do it yourself projects. Make sure you plan before you try any kind of repair, as it can be costly to fix a mistake.

If you have issues with the plumbing making a hammering sound when you turn it off, check your water pressure. Any time your water pressure is above 80 PSI, you will hear extra water noise. This can be easily solved by the installation of a pressure-reducing valve, which can be done by most homeowners. You can check your toilet for leaks by adding a few drops of food coloring, Kool Aid or some coffee grounds to the water in the toilet's tank (not the water in the bowl). Check the water in the bowl after a half hour or so. If any of the coloring agent is visible in the water in the bowl, the tank is leaking, and you will have to have it repaired. Check your floors for softness around toilets so that you can ascertain if there is any floor damage. Straddle the toilet and rock from one foot to the other to see if you feel any weakening or "softnes" in the floor beneath you. You could save yourself money but noticing that problem sooner rather than later. To help you find a good plumber, you should get recommendations from people whom you trust. Asking a friend or a neighbor is usually more trustworthy than picking a random plumber out of the phone book. You need a competent plumber, otherwise you could be in for a much bigger problem down the road. Do not use the liquid cleaning supplies that are designed to clear clogs. These cleaners are harmful and can damage your pipes as they clear the clog. Instead of using damaging liquids, use a plunger or a plumbing snake. These are much more effective and will not harm pipes. If water is not coming to the dishwasher, you most likely have a blockage somewhere. You will need to turn off the water supply and remove the hose that leads to the dishwasher. After securing the hose, turn the water back on. See if it feeds into a bowl. If not, then you must find the block where it is at which may include removing more piping. Frozen and bursting pipes from harsh winter weather is a problem that no-one wants, so plan now to winterize your exterior faucets and pipes against freezing conditions. A simple way to accomplish this is to find the exterior water shut-off valve located inside your home (often located in the basement). Turn off the water valve to stop water flow, and then open up the outside faucets to drain out any water that has collected. Be sure to turn off the outside water faucets tightly after the water has drained out. Take in any hoses you may have outside so they don't crack from the cold weather.



24. Wise internet marketers will treat their customers' email addresses with respect

While early Internet marketing tactics relied on frequent updates via email and newsletters, today these measures are appreciated by very few online business customers. Saturating the inbox of a potential customer can degrade his or her opinion of the website sending the email. Remember to try to test out your internet marketing before you launch it. You may think it is awesome yet the general public may not respond correctly. Or you may have used a word that niche markets no longer consider timely. Or you may have indirectly left out significant keywords. Ask for feedback through compensated crowd- sourcing or simply ask your friends if it is direct and understandable. The internet can be a powerful place to gain customers. In order to effectively share information with a wide audience about your services and products you must remember to monitor the effect that your marketing is having on your business goals. Unlike more traditional forms of marketing, if a particular slogan or campaign isn't effective on the internet, you can change it almost instantaneously. One of the best things that you can do for your site is to market your product in forums. This can increase the visibility that you have and will not cost any money towards your budget. Also, you can use forums to gauge the customer's likes and dislikes for your services and what you need to improve. To be an effective internet marketer, you must be clearly focused on your goals and have a plan of action. If you are not focused, you will be easily distracted by sales pitches that promise you a quick way to get rich on the web. When you veer away from your planned course of action, you waste time and money. Offering limited-time promotions can give you impressive results in Internet marketing, just as it can through more traditional channels. One feature of special offers that makes them particularly attractive is that they drum up business from both loyal customers and new business. When you offer a special bargain everyone sits up and takes notice.

Don't always worry about percentages. The products that you will be helping to sell vary greatly in price points, which means that the amount you get from them will vary widely as well. Don't get frustrated overworking the math. Look at base prices for the best selling products, and figure out how much you would make from those to figure out your average commission. Ask for help. E-mail more experienced internet marketers and ask for help with specific problems. Don't send a drawn out letter, just a few specific questions. Most of the time experienced marketers are happy to help those just starting out, and their answers will save you a lot of time and misery finding out certain things on your own. Review the grammar and phrasing of all of the sentences on your website. The last thing that you want to do is lose a customer because they do not understand what you are saying due to poor grammar. If a sentence sounds ambiguous, change it to something more clear and concise. Put your URL and information on everything you sell: coffee cups, pens, T-shirts, and everything in between. The more your brand is seen by people outside the company, the more likely it will be to increase traffic. If the items in question are of high quality, it will attract even more prospective clients. When designing a website to market a product or service online, include a "resources" section. Adding a resources section attracts potential clients to your site by increasing your search engine ranking. It also means that viewers of your site are more likely to return to view those resources, and might end up buying your product later.

Internet marketing can be tricky. You may want to, as a new domain owner, want to mass trade links with other new domain owners to pool your resources. While this sounds good, you are actually better off trading fewer links with websites that already have a good established ranking. To get the best use of out of social networking websites, create a basis of followers by posting useful and interesting content. Once you have a certain number of followers, you can mention your product in a post or a tweet. Do not post about your products repeatedly and keep on giving your followers the content they want. A great tip for internet marketing is to stay up on the latest internet advancements. The internet changes quite frequently, and by constantly being aware of the new changes, you'll have a better understanding of how your blogs and web sites work, and you'll have a leg up on your competition. Bookmarking sites are a great way to promote your website. By bookmarking your site on a site, many people will be able to see your site and click through to visit. These bookmarks can be shared so that even more people can see your site; all from your one posting. Always keep your eyes open for new products and tell your customers about them early on. Be careful to be honest on if you have used it or not as you don't want to squander the trust you have built with your target market. Your customer base though will be excited to find out information before everyone else. When marketing a product on the internet, it is important to overcome the natural skepticism of your audience. Most users on the internet are extremely nervous about everything they read, and will not purchase anything using a credit card unless they feel very safe. A key part of marketing your product, then, is making sure they feel that level of security. Do not give up when you run into frustrations with internet marketing. You may be a step or two away from successful internet marketing when you give up. You need to make sure all your ducks are in a row when launching a website that is going to sell a product line or services. Sometimes this takes intensive work. Remember that this intensive work will be well worth it in the long run.



25. If you find that a lawyer is actively seeking you out, refrain from hiring them

Usually, this is a scam that you will want to avoid, especially if you are going through an issue that is going to cost you a lot of money. Do your due diligence and hire the best lawyer on your terms. A good tip if you're looking to hire a lawyer is to try to find the right lawyer for the task you need. If you're simply wanting to draw up a contract, hiring a big shot, corporate lawyer is probably overkill and is just going to cost you a lot more. Invest time into finding the right attorney. Don't just hire the first person you hear about. Ask family and friends who they work with. Look up the person you are considering online and see if anyone left a testimonial regarding their work. You want to find a person that is going to help, not hurt, your case. If your lawyer does or says anything you don't understand, speak up. They should be more than happy to explain anything to you, from what a fee is for to a document they're having you sign. If your lawyer doesn't want to talk about anything related to your case, drop them immediately. Always ask for a lawyers history before agreeing to use his services. Just because the lawyer is allowed to practice does not mean that he is successful. Make sure that you know his record so that you can be confident that he will be able to do his job well. A good tip to keep in mind when thinking about hiring a lawyer is to write down several questions that you wish to ask him or her. You want to find out what their philosophy is and so on, and asking questions will help give you a clear idea about them. Consider having a lawyer on retainer to prepare for the worst before it happens. This way you are not under pressure, but rather can take your time finding a lawyer that you can trust. Having a lawyer on retainer also means that you will have expert advice on hand should you need it. Most attorneys charge for their services by the hour, but hiring one with a lower hourly rates does not mean your total cost will be less. If your lawyer needs two hours to complete a job that some other lawyer can complete in an hour, you will pay more in the long run.

While the high cost associated with the idea of hiring a specialist lawyer may phase you, the fact is that it will often cost you less in the end. The fact is that a general lawyer will spend many more hours researching your case than a specialist would, lowering their hourly costs. Money is an issue for many people these days, and the thought of paying for high legal fees can feel downright terrifying! Ask your lawyer if he or she might consider allowing you to pay off your fees with a payment plan; it's possible that this might be an option for you. Do not hire a lawyer without doing some background research. Look their name up on the Internet and talk to friends or relatives who might know the lawyer you are interested in. It is always in your best interest to choose a lawyer with an excellent reputation and good ethics. If you already have a great lawyer, ask them for advice. They can either tell you that they can take on your case, or point you in the direction of a lawyer who will help you out. When you already have a lawyer you trust, there is no reason to search out advice elsewhere. If you need to hire a lawyer but don't know where to start, try looking in a lawyer directory such as Nolo. This directory offers a comprehensive profile of all attorneys. The profile provides important information such as his education, experience, fees and the lawyer's basic philosophy of law. This information can be invaluable in selecting a good lawyer. Be sure that your lawyer has won cases similar to your case before you sign any contracts. Just because a lawyer lists that he specializes in cases like yours does not mean that he is able to win your case. If you can not find this information online the lawyer should be willing and able to provide it to you. Check for your lawyer's record to see the accomplishments that they have in their field and whether or not there are any issues in the past. The object is to get the best lawyer available in your budget, so do your research to find one that fits the bill. This choice can make a large difference in your life if you are facing a serious issue.

There are some cases where you can represent yourself without an attorney, but most of the time you should get one. There are many things that a layman does not understand about the law, which is why you should hire a lawyer. You don't want to lose your case due to a lack of common legal knowledge when you could have hired someone. A good tip if you're thinking about hiring a lawyer is to listen to your gut when it comes down to whether or not you're going to hire that person. Your lawyer is going to represent you in court, so if your lawyer seems unscrupulous, it's going to fall back on you. A good tip to remember when hiring a lawyer is to keep track of all the bills pertaining to your lawyer. You don't want to be caught off guard when it comes time to paying for everything. You can also consult with your lawyer if there's something that doesn't add up. Make sure you understand the costs associated with a particular lawyer ahead of time. Before you even begin the process of seeking someone out, you need to think about what you can afford. As you call different lawyers, discuss fees and the payment schedule. Do not be surprised later on!